- uno / un / una not only does it mean one it also mean “a”
These quince words just have to be learnt. All through this site we are trying to just feed you Spanish words until you start to recognise and and feel you could use them but sorry these just have to be forced into your memory. Without them you will never feel you have learn’t Spanish
16 to 99 are much easier. Once more words to learn and a simple rule and up to noventa y nueve is easy to learn
- dieciseis is 16 (literally ten and seven) but saying diezysies is impossible to say so the “ten and” is changed to “dieci”
- diecisiete, dieciocho, diecinueve
- veinte is 20
- veintiuno is twenty one,
- veintidós, veintitres, veinticuatro, veinticinco, veintiseis, veintisiete, veintiocho, veintinueve
- treinta is 30
- treinta y uno, treinta y dos, treinta y tres, etc
- cuarenta y uno, cuarenta y dos, cuarenta y tres, etc
- cincuenta is 50,
- sesenta is 60
- setenta is 70
- ochenta is 80
- noventa is 90
To greet someone as a friend or more respectfully is something I will always get wrong sometimes.
In Spanish there are 2 different words for “you” Tu and Usted, and the difference is quite important. Usted is a formal and Tu is a friend or someone much younger than you.
Once you understand that you should be ok.
Hola. ¿Que tal? is the most common greeting “hi. How are you?” you will encounter which you should respond muy bien (very good). Unless you want to hear all about peoples problems I would just keep to hola. I have a friend who pops in twice a week or so to tell me about his sciatica and diabeties ever since i said Que tal. You have been warned, friends will tell you things that are wrong about themselves.
In a more formal setting use Buenos, Buenos días or Buenos tardes instead depending on the time of day. Buenos días seams to be used until 5pm ish and tardes afterwards. If you arn’t sure, do what I do and use Buenos.
Mañana is Morning / Tomorrow
Día is Daytime / Day,
Tarde is afternoon / Late
but notice the “s” on both the greeting. “s” on the end of a word means plural so why is it there? Well I really don’t know. Maybe someone does and can post the reason in a comment below.